Structural basis of transcription regulation by CNC family transcription factor, Nrf2

Abstract Several basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factors have accessory motifs in their DNA-binding domains, such as the CNC motif of CNC family or the EHR motif of small Maf (sMaf) proteins. CNC family proteins heterodimerize with sMaf proteins to recognize CNC–sMaf binding DNA elements (CsMBEs) in competition with sMaf homodimers, but the functional role of the CNC motif remains elusive.

Structural basis for the unique multifaceted interaction of DPPA3 with the UHRF1 PHD finger

Ubiquitin-like with PHD and RING finger domain-containing protein 1 (UHRF1)-dependent DNA methylation is essential for maintaining cell fate during cell proliferation. Developmental pluripotency-associated 3 (DPPA3) is an intrinsically disordered protein that specifically interacts with UHRF1 and promotes passive DNA demethylation by inhibiting UHRF1 chromatin localization.

Structural basis for activation of DNMT1

DNMT1 is an essential enzyme that maintains genomic DNA methylation, and its function is regulated by mechanisms that are not yet fully understood.

A global analysis of matches and mismatches between human genetic and linguistic histories

Significance There has been considerable debate about the extent to which our biological and linguistic histories match to each other, supported by examples of both matches and mismatches. We introduce a genomic database (GeLaTo, or Genes and Languages Together) to quantify matches and mismatches worldwide.