Several basic leucine zipper (bZIP) transcription factors have accessory motifs in their DNA-binding domains, such as the CNC motif of CNC family or the EHR motif of small Maf (sMaf) proteins. CNC family proteins heterodimerize with sMaf proteins to recognize CNC–sMaf binding DNA elements (CsMBEs) in competition with sMaf homodimers, but the functional role of the CNC motif remains elusive.
Ubiquitin-like with PHD and RING finger domain-containing protein 1 (UHRF1)-dependent DNA methylation is essential for maintaining cell fate during cell proliferation. Developmental pluripotency-associated 3 (DPPA3) is an intrinsically disordered protein that specifically interacts with UHRF1 and promotes passive DNA demethylation by inhibiting UHRF1 chromatin localization.
There has been considerable debate about the extent to which our biological and linguistic histories match to each other, supported by examples of both matches and mismatches. We introduce a genomic database (GeLaTo, or Genes and Languages Together) to quantify matches and mismatches worldwide.
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