Myocarditis following COVID-19 mRNA vaccination is a rare adverse reaction with an incidence rate of approximately 0.0011%.1 Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR) allows for non-invasive assessment of myocardial tissue characterization, including myocardial oedema and fibrosis, and has high diagnostic accuracy for diagnosing acute myocarditis.2
General flowering (GF), irregular synchronous mass flowering of multiple tree species across multiple families, is a unique biological phenomenon of the mixed lowland dipterocarp forest in Southeast Asia. Characterizing the spatial extent and temporal dynamics of GF is essential for an improved understanding of climate–vegetation interactions and the potential climate change impact on this species-rich rainforest.
Both sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) have been shown to reduce cardiovascular (CV) event in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and chronic kidney disease (CKD). However, little evidence pertains to the benefits of their combined use.
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is the leading cause of chronic kidney disease. Albuminuria is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular mortality. Sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2-Is) and mineralocorticoid receptor antagonists (MRAs) protect against albuminuria; however, their combined effects on albuminuria are unclear. We performed a network meta-analysis to investigate the effects of SGLT2-Is, MRAs and their combination on albuminuria in type 2 DM.
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