Seasonal pigment fluctuation in diploid and polyploid Arabidopsis revealed by machine learning-based phenotyping method PlantServation

Long-term field monitoring of leaf pigment content is informative for understanding plant responses to environments distinct from regulated chambers but is impractical by conventional destructive measurements. We developed PlantServation, a method incorporating robust image-acquisition hardware and deep learning-based software that extracts leaf color by detecting plant individuals automatically.

Flexible Thin-Film Neural Electrodes with Improved Conformability for ECoG Measurements and Electrical Stimulation

Neural electrodes for electrocorticography (ECoG) recording and electrical stimulation are used for diagnosis and treatment of epilepsy, which are temporarily attached to the surface of cerebral cortex within the subdural space. However, conventional electrodes have a mechanical mismatch with the surface curvature of the brain cortex.

Blood Perfusion Assessment by Indocyanine Green Fluorescence Imaging for Minimally Invasive Rectal Cancer Surgery (EssentiAL trial)

Objective: The aim of the present randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the superiority of indocyanine green fluorescence imaging (ICG-FI) in reducing the rate of anastomotic leakage in minimally invasive rectal cancer surgery.

Association between maternal factors in early pregnancy and congenital heart defects in offspring: the Japan Environment and Children’s Study

Background Many prenatal factors are reported to be associated with congenital heart defects (CHD) in offspring. However, these associations have not been adequately examined using large‐scale birth cohorts.