Comparative analyses define differences between BHD-associated renal tumour and sporadic chromophobe renal cell carcinoma

Background Birt-Hogg-Dubé (BHD) syndrome, caused by germline alteration of folliculin (FLCN) gene, develops hybrid oncocytic/chromophobe tumour (HOCT) and chromophobe renal cell carcinoma (ChRCC), whereas sporadic ChRCC does not harbor FLCN alteration. To date, molecular characteristics of these similar histological types of tumours have been incompletely elucidated.

Dynamics of AMPA receptors regulate epileptogenesis in patients with epilepsy

The excitatory glutamate α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid receptors (AMPARs) contribute to epileptogenesis. Thirty patients with epilepsy and 31 healthy controls are scanned using positron emission tomography with our recently developed radiotracer for AMPARs, [11C]K-2, which measures the density of cell-surface AMPARs.

New Study Shows Key Role of Synaptic Plasticity in Modulating Brain Function in Patients with Epilepsy

Using a newly developed radiotracer, researchers find that Hebbian and homeostatic plasticity differentially regulate brain function in epilepsy

A leaf-emanated signal orchestrates grain size and number in response to maternal resources

In plants, variations in seed size and number are outcomes of different reproductive strategies. Both traits are often environmentally influenced, suggesting that a mechanism exists to coordinate these phenotypes in response to available maternal resources.