The 2021 World Health Organization (WHO) classification of central nervous system (CNS) tumors uses an integrated approach involving histopathology and molecular profiling. Because majority of adult malignant brain tumors are gliomas and primary CNS lymphomas (PCNSL), rapid differentiation of these diseases is required for therapeutic decisions. In addition, diffuse gliomas require molecular information on single-nucleotide variants (SNV), such as IDH1/2. Here, we report an intraoperative integrated diagnostic (i-ID) system to classify CNS malignant tumors, which updates legacy frozen-section (FS) diagnosis through incorporation of a qPCR-based genotyping assay.
Although ChatGPT was not developed for medical use, there is growing interest in its use in medical fields. Understanding its capabilities and precautions for its use in the medical field is an urgent matter. We hypothesized that differences in the amounts of information published in different medical fields would be proportionate to the amounts of training ChatGPT receives in those fields, and hence its accuracy in providing answers.
Hydroxycarboxylic acid receptors (HCAR1, HCAR2, and HCAR3) transduce Gi/o signaling upon biding to molecules such as lactic acid, butyric acid and 3-hydroxyoctanoic acid, which are associated with lipolytic and atherogenic activity, and neuroinflammation.
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