It remains unclear which sodium-glucose cotransporter-2 (SGLT-2) inhibitors and glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) are most effective for preventing cardiovascular and renal events in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients, depending on the presence of albuminuria. We conducted a network meta-analysis to compare the efficacy of these two drug classes in T2DM patients with/without albuminuria.
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and obesity are at high risk of developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). Both glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1 RAs) and sodium-glucose cotransporter (SGLT-2) inhibitors have been shown to prevent CVD in T2DM patients.
During a verbal conversation, our brain moves through a series of complex linguistic processing stages: sound decoding, semantic comprehension, retrieval of semantically coherent words, and overt production of speech outputs. Each process is thought to be supported by a network consisting of local and long-range connections bridging between major cortical areas. Both temporal and extratemporal lobe regions have functional compartments responsible for distinct language domains, including the perception and production of phonological and semantic components.
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection elicits varying degrees of protective immunity conferred by neutralizing antibodies (nAbs). In this study, we report the persistence of nAb responses over 12 months after infection despite their decreasing trend noticed from 6 months.
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