LOTUS, an endogenous Nogo receptor antagonist, is involved in synapse and memory formation
Date: 3 Mar 2021
The Nogo signal is involved in impairment of memory formation. We previously reported the lateral olfactory tract usher substance (LOTUS) as an endogenous antagonist of the Nogo receptor 1 that mediates the inhibition of axon growth and synapse formation. Moreover, we found that LOTUS plays an essential role in neural circuit formation and nerve regeneration. However, the effects of LOTUS on synapse formation and memory function have not been elucidated. Here, we clearly showed the involvement of LOTUS in synapse formation and memory function. The cultured hippocampal neurons derived from lotus gene knockout (LOTUS-KO) mice exhibited a decrease in synaptic density compared with those from wild-type mice. We also found decrease of dendritic spine formation in the adult hippocampus of LOTUS-KO mice. Finally, we demonstrated that LOTUS deficiency impairs memory formation in the social recognition test and the Morris water maze test, indicating that LOTUS is involved in functions of social and spatial learning and memory. These findings suggest that LOTUS affects synapse formation and memory function.
Professor Molecular Medical Bioscience Laboratory,
Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medical Life Science
1-7-29 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, 230-0045, Japan
Privacy & Cookies Policy
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.