Structure-Based Functional Modification Study of a Cyanobacterial Chloride Pump for Transporting Multiple Anions
Date: 12 Aug 2020
Understanding the structure and functional mechanisms of cyanobacterial halorhodopsin has become increasingly important, given the report that Synechocystis halorhodopsin (SyHR), a homolog of the cyanobacterial halorhodopsin from Mastigocladopsis repens (MrHR), can take up divalent ions, such as SO42−, as well as chloride ions. Here, the crystal structure of MrHR, containing a unique “TSD” chloride ion conduction motif, was determined as a homotrimer at a resolution of 1.9 Å. The detailed structure of MrHR revealed a unique trimeric topology of the light-driven chloride pump, with peculiar coordination of two water molecules and hydrogen-mediated bonds near the TSD motif, as well as a short B–C loop. Structural and functional analyses of MrHR revealed key residues responsible for the anion selectivity of cyanobacterial halorhodopsin and the involvement of two chloride ion-binding sites in the ion conduction pathway. Alanine mutant of Asn63, Pro118, and Glu182 locating in the anion inlet induce multifunctional uptake of chloride, nitrate, and sulfate ions. Moreover, the structure of N63A/P118A provides information on how SyHR promotes divalent ion transport. Our findings significantly advance the structural understanding of microbial rhodopsins with different motifs. They also provide insight into the general structural framework underlying the molecular mechanisms of the cyanobacterial chloride pump containing SyHR, the only molecule known to transport both sulfate and chloride ions.
Professor Drug Design Laboratory,
Yokohama City University Graduate School of Medical Life Science
1-7-29 Suehiro-cho, Tsurumi-ku, Yokohama, Japan
Privacy & Cookies Policy
Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. These cookies do not store any personal information.
Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website.