The protective effect of Bifidobacterium bifidum G9-1 against mucus degradation by Akkermansia muciniphila following small intestine injury caused by a proton pump inhibitor and aspirin
A YCU alumnus, Prof. Dr. S. M. Abe Kawsar, University of Chittagong, Bangladesh, published two academic books from a German publisher.
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Serine 298 Phosphorylation in Linker 2 of UHRF1 Regulates Ligand-Binding Property of Its Tandem Tudor Domain

Ubiquitin-like with PHD and RING finger domains 1 (UHRF1) is an essential factor for the maintenance of mammalian DNA methylation and harbors several reader modules for recognizing epigenetic marks. The tandem Tudor domain (TTD) of UHRF1 has a peptide-binding groove that functions as a binding platform for intra- or intermolecular interactions. Besides the groove interacting with unphosphorylated linker 2 and spacer of UHRF1, it also interacts with di/tri-methylated histone H3 at Lys9 and DNA ligase 1 (LIG1) at Lys126. Here we focus on the phosphorylation of Ser298 in linker 2, which was implied to regulate the ligand-binding property of the TTD.

Date: 09 June 2020

The number of male gametes is critical for reproductive success and varies between and within species. The evolutionary reduction of the number of pollen grains encompassing the male gametes is widespread in selfing plants. Here, we employ genome-wide association study (GWAS) to identify underlying loci and to assess the molecular signatures of selection on pollen number-associated loci in the predominantly selfing plant Arabidopsis thaliana. Regions of strong association with pollen number are enriched for signatures of selection, indicating polygenic selection. We isolate the gene REDUCED POLLEN NUMBER1 (RDP1) at the locus with the strongest association. We validate its effect using a quantitative complementation test with CRISPR/Cas9-generated null mutants in nonstandard wild accessions. In contrast to pleiotropic null mutants, only pollen numbers are significantly affected by natural allelic variants. These data support theoretical predictions that reduced investment in male gametes is advantageous in predominantly selfing species.

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Kentaro K. SHIMIZU

  • Visiting Professor
    Kihara Institute for Biological Research
    Yokohama City University, Yokohama, 244-0813, Japan

    Department of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies & Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center
    University of Zurich, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland

    Department of Plant and Microbial Biology & Zurich-Basel Plant Science Center
    University of Zurich, 8008, Zurich, Switzerland